Building a better world

Building a better world

Author: coopammo-admin

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Facts About South Korea

In the southern part of the Korean peninsula is South Korea, a sovereign country that is part of the Asian continent, its capital is Seoul and its real name is Korean republic but it is recognized by this name in order to distinguish it from North Korea. Its boundaries are North Korea to the north, the China Sea in the south, the Sea of Japan to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west.

Its territory makes up the southern half of the Korean peninsula, including approximately three thousand islands that are around, mostly small and uninhabited. The total area amounts to 100,300 km2, dividing into four regions: the eastern region that is made up of high mountains, the western region that has wide coastal plains and hills; the southeastern region where you will find the wide Nakdong River basin and the southwestern region that is made up of mountains.

Also read: Facts about Benin

Facts about South Korea

South Korea and its population

One of the facts about South Korea is the remarkable density of its population, having approximately 515 inhabitants per square kilometer, this being more than ten times the global average. Its current population is approximately 51,635,000, the most populous city is Seoul, its capital, with a population of 10 million; followed by Busan with 4 million, Inchon with 3 million, and Daegu with 3 million.

Part of its overpopulation is due to international migration following the division of the Korean Peninsula that occurred after World War II, it is estimated that at least four million North Koreans crossed the border, this number continued to rise over the next 40 years.

South Korea and its history

In 936, Korea was unified by Emperor Taejo of the Goryeo dynasty, this was a highly developed state, but nevertheless, in the 13th century, the country weakened by Mongol invasions. Unsurprisingly, the Joseon dynasty replaced Goryeo in 1388, this happened after the collapse of the Mongol Empire and the political dispute that did not stop.

After Joseon’s first 200 years peace remained, however, in the late 19th century, the country became one of Japan’s colonial desires. Which caused Korea to be taken over by Japan in 1910 and maintained in this way until World War II ended in August 1945.

In 1945, an agreement was reached between the United States and the Soviet Union, where Japanese forces were redeemed and Soviet troops occupied the north, while those of the United States would deal with South Korea. This was the basis for Korea’s division to start due to the inability to reach an agreement that gave Korean independence.

Each of the rivals that made up the Cold War determined what governments would look like based on their ideologies, resulting in the current division of North Korea, officially the Democratic Republic of Korea, a single-party political country with a fixed and planned economy, and South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, a democratic and free-market country.

South Korea’s economy and its core industries

When we talk about facts about South Korea, it is impossible not to mention the economic development so great that this country has had, due to its limited size, natural resources, and population, the country paid attention to the development of technology to achieve growth and go from an agricultural nation to an industrialized country.

Major industries include steel, textiles, shipbuilding, automobile manufacturing; Also in this country is where the largest production of LCD, OLED, and plasma screens is made with important companies such as LG and Samsung.

Most of its manufactures are export-oriented so in 2009 they became the ninth country with the highest income due to the export of their products.

Health care in South Korea

Health care in South Korea is considered one of the best in the world; also, the majority of the population has health insurance that is paid a portion by the beneficiary and another by the government of the country. In the case of hospitals, 94% are privately owned and the rest are public.

Things to do in South Korea

South Korea is still a slightly unknown destination within Asia but it shouldn’t, because its futuristic cities contrast with its traditional villages and subtropical mountains and beaches, ensuring an unforgettable journey. Here are some things you can do in South Korea:

1. Enjoy nature in the secret garden of Changdeok Palace.

2. Discover Seoul from the heights at Lotte World Tower Seul Sky.

3. Watch the Herb Island Light Festival light show.

4. Connect with nature in Seoraksan National Park.

facts

Facts About Benin

The Republic of Benin, formerly called Dahomey, is one of Africa’s smallest countries. It is a narrow strip of land located in West Africa. It shares borders with Togo on its west side, Burkina Faso and Niger on its north, and Nigeria on its east. The southern part of this country is bounded by the Bight of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea area.

Recent data from The World Bank shows that Benin has an area of 112,760 square kilometers, around eight times smaller than its neighboring country, Nigeria. It extends a distance of about 700 kilometers, north to south, from the Niger River to the Atlantic Ocean. Its widest span measures about 325 kilometers with an estimated average elevation of 200 kilometers.

Facts about Benin

Population

According to Worldometer elaborated data from United Nations, Benin has a total population of 12.12 million people in the mid-year of 2020, with 48.4% of it as urban. Its population gives a 0.16% equivalent over the total world population, ranking the country at the 77th spot in the list of most populated countries.

History

Benin’s history is a timeline of kingdom successions, starting from the seat of Dahomey, one of West Africa’s long-lasting kingdoms which ruled from the 17th century to the 19th century. This local dynasty was established in the 17th century when three Dahomey brothers ruled different yet adjacent territories. In the early 18th century, these three territories were merged into a single kingdom, the region now known as Benin.

During the 17th century, the region engaged to slave trades with European countries and was termed as the “Slave Coast”. This system remained until the 1840s. In 1946, it became an overseas territory of France and in 1959, it was turned into an autonomous republic. It finally achieved complete independence of August 1, 1960, and changed its name from Dahomey to the Republic of Benin in 1975.

Top Sights

The Republic of Benin offers lots of attractions that you probably didn’t know, not until you read this article. From museums to national parks, Benin is a home of historical spots that display the innate beauty of West Africa. Listed below are some of the top sights and things you should never miss seeing when traveling to Benin.

1. Museums

If you are interested in African contemporary art, check out the various museums located in different areas of Benin. Some popular museum tourists visit in Benin are the Ouidah Museum of History and the Zinzou Foundation Museum that are both located in Ouida, Benin. Museum tours are both educational and fascinating.

2. Pendjari National Park

This national park located in northwestern Benin is a conservation stronghold that houses 90% of the remaining West African lions. Aside from the kings of the jungle, a variety of wild animals such as hippos, buffalos, and forest elephants can be seen here.

3. Cathedrals

Cathedrals in Benin are known for their distinct architecture and historical value. One famous cathedral in Benin is the Cotonou Cathedral or Cathedral Notre Dame de Misericorde. With its burgundy and white stripes design, this cathedral is both a place for worship and a small bookstore for local writers.

4. Gardens in Porto Novo

The Centre Songhai is one popular garden attraction in Porto Novo, Benin. It is a major research and production center for sustainable farming. You can tour the plantations and buy agricultural products.

Main Industries

1. Textile

Textile is the largest industry in Benin, with cotton as the main contributing product. Cotton is the backbone of Benin’s economy, generating approximately 40% of GDP and 80% of exports. Though most of the country’s cotton are exported abroad, a considerable portion of it is used locally for clothing production.

2. Oil

Benin is not a large-scale producer of oil, unlike the Middle Eastern countries. However, the oil industry is a major contributor to Benin’s foreign earnings. Though its oil reserves are estimated to meet the country’s domestic demand, it doesn’t have its own refinery. So, it has to export its crude oil to other countries.

3. Agriculture

Benin mainly depends on subsistence agriculture. The products are utilized locally, and only a small percentage is sold to the international market.

Health Care System

The health care system in Benin is principally dependent on the private sector that follows strict regulations and a consolidated decision-making system. The country is divided into health zones, each having a health zone committee that manages the healthcare system. The expansion of private health facilities helps in administering the growing demand of the urban areas that might be difficult for the public sector to respond to.

Public Facilities

The water supply and sanitation facilities in Benin is continuing to progress. The African Minister’s Council on Water (AMCOW) has been consistently addressing the country’s concerns about its water supply and sanitation. In terms of public health facilities, each zone is provided with department health centers, commune health centers, and a public hospital.

For public security, the law is enforced by both gendarmerie and police like in other countries with French heritage. The Republican Police of Benin has become the unique law enforcement force of the country since January 2018.